Monday, February 6, 2012

Candida susceptible to coconut oil

Interesting abstract:

J Med Food. 2007 Jun;10(2):384-7.
In vitro antimicrobial properties of coconut oil on Candida species in Ibadan, Nigeria.
Ogbolu DO, Oni AA, Daini OA, Oloko AP.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

The emergence of antimicrobial resistance, coupled with the availability of fewer antifungal agents with fungicidal actions, prompted this present study to characterize Candida species in our environment and determine the effectiveness of virgin coconut oil as an antifungal agent on these species. In 2004, 52 recent isolates of Candida species were obtained from clinical specimens sent to the Medical Microbiology Laboratory, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Their susceptibilities to virgin coconut oil and fluconazole were studied by using the agar-well diffusion technique. Candida albicans was the most common isolate from clinical specimens (17); others were Candida glabrata (nine), Candida tropicalis (seven), Candida parapsilosis (seven), Candida stellatoidea (six), and Candida krusei (six). C. albicans had the highest susceptibility to coconut oil (100%), with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 25% (1:4 dilution), while fluconazole had 100% susceptibility at an MIC of 64 microg/mL (1:2 dilution). C. krusei showed the highest resistance to coconut oil with an MIC of 100% (undiluted), while fluconazole had an MIC of > 128 microg/mL. It is noteworthy that coconut oil was active against species of Candida at 100% concentration compared to fluconazole. Coconut oil should be used in the treatment of fungal infections in view of emerging drug-resistant Candida species.

PMID: 17651080 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Sunday, February 5, 2012

Squatting to Poop

Low-resource medicine is all about prevention. There may be substantial health benefits to squatting to poop rather than using a sit toilet: by removing the need to force stool out, hemorrhoids, diverticuli, and other nasty disorders may be averted. In Indonesia, I grew to greatly prefer the squatting position to the throne-sit I'd grown up with, and I'm not the only converted Westerner; a number of companies offer products (like this one) to hack your sit toilet and replicate the experience. But that's a lot costlier than just building a squat toilet in the first place. The lesson for practitioners: Don't assume you have to include sit toilets in your low-resource clinic. You and your patients may be better off in a squat.